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How do I rebuild my RAID array?

In order to rebuild a RAID array, you need to replace a physical drive with an identical drive on the same RAID controller. Although standard RAID levels are generally agreed upon throughout the industry, the implementation varies between manufacturers. RAID arrays are typically not accessible when they are moved to another controller, and data may be unrecoverable if the drives are out of order or have been formatted or accessed by another RAID controller.

If a RAID controller has failed, you should get the exact same model of RAID controller.  

Note: If a drive or drives were damaged, it is possible that the RAID array may be permanently unrecoverable.

RAID should not be considered a replacement for backing up your data. If critical data is going onto a RAID array, you should back up the data on another physical drive or logical set of drives.

Rebuild a RAID array

With the following RAID modes, recovery is possible using the same StarTech.com product. Refer to the following table for the appropriate method to use to recover your RAID array.

RAID mode Max # of failed drives Procedure
RAID 1 Only one drive is needed for recovery.
  1. Determine which drive is operational by using the RAID management utility (if available) or test each drive individually on a different hard drive controller (for example, a hard drive docking station or SATA controller).

  2. Replace the failed drive with an identical hard drive.

The array will rebuild and is accessible during the rebuilding process.

RAID 3 Single drive failure will rebuild.
  1. Determine which drive is defective by using the RAID management utility (if available) or with diagnosis LEDs on the controller or enclosure.

  2. Replace with an identical hard drive.

Note: Do not change the order of the drives.

  1. The array may be accessible during the rebuild, but you should let the controller rebuild without interruption so that performance is not compromised.

RAID 5 Single drive failure will rebuild.
  1. Determine which drive is defective by using the RAID management utility (if available) or with diagnosis LEDs on the controller or enclosure.

  2. Replace with an identical hard drive.

Note: Do not change the order of the drives.

  1. The array may be accessible during the rebuild, but you should let the controller rebuild without interruption so that performance is not compromised.

RAID 10 Only one drive in a mirrored set can fail.
  1. Determine which drive is defective by using the RAID management utility (if available) or with diagnosis LEDs on the controller or enclosure.

  2. Replace with an identical hard drive.

Note: Do not change the order of the drives.

  1. The array may be accessible during the rebuild, but you should let the controller rebuild without interruption so that performance is not compromised.